Referencing newspapers in essays

Harvard referencing online newspaper article no author

If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: Driblick , in Oobleck See our section on citation styles for more information. The date is included after the name of the publication, and the type of publication -- print or Web -- is placed after the date and page info: Jones, Martha. No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted.

Most of the time, you can just identify a source and quote from it, as in the first example above. The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: Weber,cited in Hamilton, In general, however, if you are quoting more than 3 lines of material, you should do the following: change the font to one noticeably smaller in a document that is mostly 12 point font, you should use a 10 point font, for example double indent the quotation -- that means adjusting the left and right margins so that they are about one inch smaller than the main body of your paper if you have this option in your word-processor, "left-justify" the text.

If a citation includes multiple authors, authors past the first are listed firstname lastname: Jones, Martha, and Donna Noble.

How to cite a newspaper article apa in text

A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. For example: Moser, P. For example: Smith, E. Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting. I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. Grass, G. Hall, S. References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. He does so by focusing his pursuit of happiness on something that very seldom makes people happy in the way they expect it to. See the separate section on quotes. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays.

Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief OED, This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from.

how to reference a newspaper article harvard

This is in fact almost everything. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. For example: Jackman, R.

direct quotation from a newspaper article example

In the case of a book, the main title is that of the book. He tends to serve himself badly as well.

how to cite a newspaper article in an essay

In order to do so, you will need to use some editing symbols. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father Blankenhorn,I only use the idea, not the exact words.

How to cite a newspaper article in an essay apa

You should say whether they are economic analysts, artists, physicists, etc. For example: Anderson, C. To make a substitution this important, however, you had better be sure that [money] is what the final phrase meant -- if the author intentionally left it ambiguous, you would be significantly altering his meaning. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. The only real difference is placement -- footnotes appear at the bottom of the relevant page, while endnotes all appear at the end of your document. Thoits, P. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. Leroy, P. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in c.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing