Pericles and the ancient greek culture

When was pericles born

According to Athanasios G. The collaboration of the threesome was an enduring success. Being always cautious, he never undertook of his own accord a battle involving much uncertainty and peril and he did not accede to the "vain impulses of the citizens". Delian League Pericles is credited with moving the treasury of the Delian League to Athens, Greece, and using its money to rebuild the Acropolis temples that the Persians had destroyed. It makes you wonder what was going on at that time, and historians do call the period from when the Athenians were able to fend off the Persians all the way until the end of the Peloponnesian War as the Golden Age of Athens, and for good reason. A special feature of his rule was the sending out of numerous cleruchies q. A scandalous charge against his mistress Aspasia, which he defeated by his personal intercession before the court, was taken very much to heart by Pericles. Advisors from Corinth allegedly told the Spartans to fund their war effort with Greece's most sacred gold, the treasures of Olympia and Delphi. Unfortunately, the year-long Peloponnesian War resulted in great losses for Athens. His nickname was "The Olympian".

His morale undermined, he burst into tears and not even Aspasia's companionship could console him. Pericles crossed over to Euboea with his troops, but was forced to return when the Spartan army invaded Attica.

Why was pericles important

He was a general. The rise and fall of empires Video transcript - [Instructor] In other videos, we've already talked about how Classical Greece has had an immeasurable impact not just on Western civilization, but on civilization as a whole. Historian Edith Hamilton elaborates: Back in , after the final defeat of the Persians, the Athenians had been chosen to lead the new confederacy of free Greek states. According to Aristotle , Pericles' stance can be explained by the fact that his principal political opponent, Cimon , was both rich and generous, and was able to gain public favor by lavishly handing out portions of his sizable personal fortune. His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in However, when Pericles took the floor, his resolute arguments put Thucydides and the conservatives firmly on the defensive. This strategy may have worked, but a plague struck Athens. This promise was prompted by his concern that Archidamus, who was a friend of his, might pass by his estate without ravaging it, either as a gesture of friendship or as a calculated political move aimed to alienate Pericles from his constituents. But the plague, which had carried off two of his sons and a sister, had, left its mark also on Pericles himself. Sparta withdrew from the Hellenic League, reforming the Peloponnesian League with its original allies. A few months later, Pericles himself succumbed. Although he never claimed the highest title, archon , and described himself simply as one of the ten generals elected each year by the citizenry he was firmly in control during his 27 year rule over Athens and owed his position to his will, charisma and oratory skills. Over the course of his leadership, Pericles organized the construction of the Acropolis and the Parthenon in Athens. Inevitably, there was some fallout, and one of the victims of the simmering personal and ideological tensions was Socrates.

However, as he is generally regarded as an admirer of Pericles, Thucydides has been criticized for bias against Sparta. On his return the Athenians sued for peace, though without success, and a speech by Pericles had little effect on their spirits.

The temptation to acquire still more power proved as always irresistible.

Pericles death

You have Pythagoras, who actually predates these philosophers, and he's most famous, especially to many of us, for his Pythagorean Theorem and a lot of mathematics and the foundations of a lot of geometry. The law also may have passed because of a general wish to restrict access to the benefits of office and public distributions, but there was never any disposition on the part of Athenians to restrict economic opportunities for foreigners—who served in the fleet, worked on public buildings, and had freedom of trade and investment, with the crucial, but normal, exception of land and houses. He also personally created the enormous gold and ivory sculpture of the city goddess and produced some of the various sculptural groupings while supervising the production efforts of a small army of artists and craftsmen. By the Golden Age period the powers of the ruler were limited and day to day affairs were run by a council made of 10 generals. When it is a question of settling private disputes, everybody is equal before the law; when it is a question of putting one person before another in positions of public responsibility, what counts is not membership of a particular class, but the actual ability which the man possesses. It took over 20 thousand tons of marble to construct. McGregor and John S. Abraham Lincoln famously learned every proof in Euclid's Elements in order to fine tune his mind. During the same period, Pericles proposed the Megarian Decree , which resembled a modern trade embargo. Athens would eventually lose the war and would never reach the same heights again. Gill is a freelance classics and ancient history writer. The city of Athens, however, was physically still much as it had been left by the Persian sack of , and its gods were inadequately housed. Pericles crossed over to Euboea with his troops, but was forced to return when the Spartan army invaded Attica. Pericles wrote: "Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands of the people, not a minority.

He is known for his theory on atoms. Pericles grew up during the time of the Persian Wars. They became eager to make peace with Sparta, and actually sent ambassadors there, though they failed to achieve anything. Thousands of people died.

pericles accomplishments

For most, the move meant abandoning their land and ancestral shrines and completely changing their lifestyle. Unfortunately, the year-long Peloponnesian War resulted in great losses for Athens.

Although we don't know everything that each did, it seems that Ictinuswas the chief architect, Callicratus acted as the project contractor and technical coordinator while Phideas was responsible for overseeing and integrating all artistic elements.

How did pericles die

On the side of philosophy, you have Xenophon, who was another one of Socrates' students in addition to Plato, and in fact, the life of Socrates we learn from the writings of Plato and Xenophon. Even when in the face of mounting pressure, Pericles did not give in to the demands for immediate action against the enemy or revise his initial strategy. The collaboration of the threesome was an enduring success. The two holiest shrines in Hellas were, under this proposal, to be used in effect as ATMs though the cash withdrawn was, in theory at least, to be paid back. Pericles grew up during the time of the Persian Wars. But the peace of Athens was not to last. Thucydides initially managed to incite the passions of the ecclesia regarding these charges in his favor. Politics and Law Pericles also worked on reforming the Athenian democracy.

Pericles' mother, Agariste, a member of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidaeand her familial connections played a crucial role in helping start Xanthippus' political career.

The residents of Histiaeameanwhile, who had butchered the crew of an Athenian triremewere uprooted and replaced by 2, Athenian settlers.

Because of his family's wealth, Pericles had some of the best teachers in Athens.

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